International Commitments

This section provides information on the existing dispositions in the multilateral system related to the mineral and mining sectors and the engagement (ratifications) of the Latin American countries Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay.

ARGENTINA
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment 2016, voluntary national review in 2017.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratified 01/2005, entry into force 04/2005.
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury, ratification in 09/2017.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change, ratification in 09/2016, entry into force in 11/2016.
  • Escazú Agreement, ratification in 03/2020, entry into force 04/2021.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions, and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, ratification in 2000.
  • ILO Convention 155 Occupational Safety and Health, ratification in 2014.
  • Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), member since 2019 and yet to be assessed against the Standard.
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development -IGF, member.
  • UN Environment Assembly on Resolution 4/19 on Mineral Resource Governance, participation in the consultations.
  • Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) commitment of the Mining Association of Canada (MAC), participation of the Argentinean mining association CAEM since 2016

BRAZIL
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment in 2017 (Mercosur countries), voluntary national review in 2017.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratification in 06/2004, entry into force 09/2004.
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury, ratification in 08/2017.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change, , ratification in 09/2016, entry into force in 11/2016.
  • Escazú Agreement, signed 09/2018, ratification pending.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention 155 on Occupational Safety and Health, ratification in 1992.
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, ratification in 2002.
  • ILO Convention 176 on Safety in Health on Mines, ratification in 2006.
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development - IGF, member.

CHILE
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment in 2017, voluntary national review in 2017.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratification in 01/2005, entry into force in 04/2005.
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury, signature in 10/2013, ratification in 08/2018.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change, ratification in 02/2017, entry into force in 03/2017.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention on 161 Occupational Health Services, ratification in 09/1999.
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, ratification in 09/2008.
  • OECD, member country since 2010.
  • Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), subscribed.

COLOMBIA
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment in 2015, voluntary national review in 2018.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratification in 10/2008, entry into force 01/2009.
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury, signature in 10/2013, ratification 08/2019.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Changesignature in 04/2016, ratification in 07/2018, entry into force 08/2018.
  • Escazú Agreement, signed 12/2019, ratification pending.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, ratification in 08/1991.
  • ILO Convention 161 Occupational Health Services Convention, ratification in 01/2001.
  • Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), member since 2014 with satisfactory progress status.
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development –IGF, member.
  • OECD, member country since 2020.

MEXICO
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment in 2017, voluntary national review in 2018.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratification 02/2003, entry into force 05/2014.
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury, ratification in 09/2015.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change, signature in 04/2016, ratification in 09/2016, entry into force 11/2016.
  • Escazú Agreement, ratification in 01/2021.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention 155 Occupational Safety and Health, ratification in 02/1984.
  • ILO Convention 161 Occupational Health Services Convention, ratification in 02/1987.
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, ratification in 09/1990.
  • Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), member since 2017 and yet to be assessed against the Standard.
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development - IGF, member.
  • OECD, member country since 1994.

PERU
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment in 2017, voluntary national review in 2017.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratification in 09/2005, entry into force in 12/2005.
  • Minamata Convention of Mercury, ratification in 01/2016.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change, signature in 04/2016, ratification in 07/2016, entry into force 11/2016.
  • Escazú Agreement, signed 09/2018, ratification pending.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, ratification in 1994.
  • ILO Convention 176 on Safety and Health in Mines, ratification in 2008.
  • Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), member since 2007 with meaningful progress status.
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development - IGF, member.

URUGUAY
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, reaffirmation of commitment in 2017.
  • Stockholm Convention, ratification in 02/2014, entry into force in 05/2004.
  • Minamata Convention of Mercury, ratification in 09/2014.
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change, signature in 04/2016, ratification in 10/2016, entry into force in 11/2016.
  • Escazú Agreement, ratification in 09/2019.
  • Party to all UN core human rights conventions and the Inter-American Human Rights system.
  • ILO Convention 176 on Safety and Health in Mines, ratification in 06/2014.
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development - IGF,entry in 2005 (founding member).